Hemp Glossary

Hemp Glossary of Popular Terms

Hemp Glossary of Terms

Current Terms

Cannabinoid

Cannabinoid GlossaryCannabinoids are a group of compounds found in hemp and cannabis plants. These compounds interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for maintaining homeostasis and regulating functions such as appetite, sleep, mood, memory, pain perception, and more. There are over 100 known cannabinoids found in these plants, each having their own unique effects.

The most well-known cannabinoids are THC and CBD, but there are several others including CBG, CBN, CBC, THCA, and CBDA. Continue reading…

Cannabinoid Distillate

Cannabinoid Distillate GlossaryCannabinoid distillates are a highly refined extract derived from the hemp plant. Through an extensive purification process, they remove impurities and unwanted compounds resulting in a concentrated potent cannabinoid product. Distillation is commonly used to create pure and refined forms of CBD (cannabidiol) along with other minor cannabinoids. These products offer users high levels of efficacy while maintaining their natural benefits.   Continue reading…

Cannabinoid Isolate

Cannabinoid Isolate GlossaryCannabinoid isolates are highly refined forms of individual cannabinoids derived from hemp plants. The meticulous process involved ensures maximum potency with minimal contaminants making it an ideal choice for those seeking precise dosing control over their consumption experience. These isolates offer consumers a more concentrated form of these beneficial compounds for use in various applications such as medicinal purposes, cosmetics production or even food additives.  Continue reading…

Caryophyllene (beta-caryophyllene)

Caryophyllene Terpene GlossaryCaryophyllene, a prominent terpene found in various plants such as hemp (Cannabis sativa), is known for its distinctive spicy, peppery, and woody aroma, reminiscent of black pepper and cloves. This terpene, however, holds a unique position among its counterparts as it not only contributes to the aromatic profile but also acts as a dietary cannabinoid. By interacting with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), caryophyllene specifically binds to the CB2 receptor, further enhancing its potential therapeutic effects and adding to its overall significance in the realm of botanical compounds. Continue reading…

CBD (Cannabidiol)

CBD Glossary - What is CBD?Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally occurring compound found in the cannabis plant that has gained significant attention due to its potential therapeutic properties. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which induces mind alteration, CBD does not have psychoactive effects making it an appealing option for those seeking health benefits without intoxicating side effects. Continue reading…

Decarboxylation

Decarboxylation GlossaryDecarboxylation is a chemical process that involves removing carboxyl groups (COOH) from molecules. In the context of hemp and cannabis industries specifically it refers to converting certain cannabinoid acids such as THCA into its active form-THC while CBDA gets transformed into CBD. This conversion happens through decarbilation which makes these compounds more potent for medicinal or recreational purposes. Continue reading…

Entourage Effect

Entourage Effect GlossaryThe entourage effect is a concept in hemp science that refers to the synergistic interaction between various cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds found in the hemp plant. This interaction is believed to influence and enhance the overall effects of cannabis consumption, creating a more comprehensive and nuanced experience compared to the effects of individual compounds on their own. Continue reading…

Farm Bill

Farm Bill - Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018Agriculture has always been an essential part of the American economy, and it’s vital to ensure that it continues to thrive. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) plays a crucial role in this by enacting policies that support farmers and rural communities. One of the most significant pieces of legislation in this regard is the USDA Farm Bill. On this page, we’ll take a closer look at what the Farm Bill is and why it’s critical to the agricultural industry. Continue reading…

HHC

HHC GlossaryHexahydrocannabinol (HHC) has emerged as a significant player in the cannabis industry due to its unique properties. Unlike naturally occurring compounds found within hemp flower HHC is synthesized specifically for mimicking certain aspects of these molecules. As such ongoing research and exploration are necessary before any conclusions may be drawn regarding potential applications across various fields. Continue reading…

Humulene

Humulene Terpene GlossaryHumulene, a terpene found in a variety of plants, including the cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa), is renowned for its distinctive earthy, woody, and mildly spicy fragrance. Not only does it contribute to the aromatic profile of different cannabis strains, but it also potentially influences their effects. Interestingly, humulene is not only present in cannabis but can also be found in hops, which are utilized in the production of beer. In the realm of brewing, humulene plays a crucial role in lending beer its unique and captivating aroma. Continue reading…

Limonene

Limonene Terpene GlossaryLimonene, a terpene abundantly present in various plants, including hemp (Cannabis sativa), is renowned for its vibrant and invigorating citrusy aroma and flavor, reminiscent of zesty lemon, tangy orange, or other delightful citrus fruits. Within the cannabis realm, limonene stands as one of the most prevalent terpenes, exerting a substantial influence on the aromatic profile, taste, and even potential effects of different strains. Its aromatic presence adds an extra layer of complexity and nuance to the captivating world of hemp flower. Continue reading…

Myrcene (β-myrcene)

Myrcene GlossaryHemp is rich in various terpenes, but one stands out above the rest – myrcene. This remarkable compound is responsible for the distinctive aroma and flavor found in different hemp strains, with its earthy, musky scent complemented by subtle fruity notes. Its prevalence in numerous hemp varieties makes it an indispensable element that shapes our sensory experience when enjoying these products. The significance of myrcene’s contribution cannot be overstated. Continue reading…

Nanoemulsions

Nanoemulsions GlossaryNanoemulsions have revolutionized the hemp industry by tackling one of its biggest challenges – improving cannabinoid bioavailability and water solubility. These tiny droplets are created through nanotechnology whereby cannabinoids like CBD (cannabidiol) are broken down into minuscule particles before being encapsulated in oil. With their nanosize structure, these emulsions offer unparalleled benefits for consumers seeking enhanced absorption rates without sacrificing potency or efficacy. As such they represent a significant advancement within this rapidly growing sector. Continue reading…

Pinene

Pinene Terpene GlossaryPinene is a terpene found in various plants, including cannabis (Cannabis sativa). As the name suggests, pinene has a distinct pine-like aroma and is responsible for the fresh, resinous scent reminiscent of forests and evergreen trees. It is one of the most common terpenes found in cannabis and contributes to the unique fragrance and potential effects of different strains. With its pleasant scent and potential health-promoting properties, pinene continues to intrigue researchers and cannabis enthusiasts alike. Exploring the complexities of this terpene and its interactions with other compounds in cannabis may uncover even more fascinating insights into its potential uses and effects. Continue reading…

Terpenes

Terpense GlossaryHemp Flower contains aromatic compounds known as terpenes that contribute significantly to its unique flavors and fragrances. The distinctive scents of different strains are due largely in part because each has varying levels of these essential oils present within them. Moreover, research suggests that the entourage effect may occur when cannabinoids interact with terpenes during consumption – leading experts believe this could have significant implications for medicinal applications moving forward. Therefore understanding how terpenes work is crucial if we want to fully appreciate all aspects of hemp use including both recreational enjoyment or therapeutic benefits alike! Continue reading…

THC

THC Glossary - What is THC?THC, known as tetrahydrocannabinol, is a naturally occurring compound found in the cannabis plant. It serves as the primary psychoactive component responsible for the euphoric “high” often associated with cannabis use. When THC interacts with specific receptors in the brain and central nervous system, it induces a range of psychological and physiological effects, including altered perception, relaxation, and mood changes. THC’s psychoactive properties have established it as a prominent and widely recognized cannabinoid, contributing to both the recreational and potential medicinal applications of cannabis. Continue reading…

THCA Cannabinoid

THCA Cannabinoid GlossaryTHCA, also known as tetrahydrocannabinolic acid, is a natural compound that occurs in the cannabis plant, particularly in its raw and unheated state. It serves as the precursor to the well-known psychoactive cannabinoid THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and is abundant in various strains of cannabis and hemp. Unlike THC, consuming THCA in its raw form does not result in any psychoactive effects.

THCA interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), responsible for regulating various physiological processes. Although research on THCA is ongoing, initial studies indicate its potential therapeutic properties, such as anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and analgesic effects. As we delve deeper into understanding THCA, its promising benefits emerge, paving the way for further exploration and potential applications in healthcare. Continue reading…

Trichomes

Trichomes GlossaryTrichomes, delicate hair-like structures, are abundantly present on the surface of cannabis and hemp flowers. These microscopic entities play a pivotal role in the intricate process of producing and storing cannabinoids, terpenes, and a myriad of other compounds within the plant. Apart from their remarkable chemical significance, trichomes serve as nature’s guardians, fortifying the plant against potential predators and harmoniously aiding in the creation of precious essential oils and resins. Their multifaceted nature makes trichomes an extraordinary feature worth marveling at in the realm of botanical wonders. Continue reading…

1. Hemp: A variety of the Cannabis sativa plant containing low levels of THC (typically 0.3% or less) and cultivated for industrial purposes, including fiber, seed, and cannabinoid extraction.

2. Cannabis: A plant genus encompassing both hemp and marijuana varieties, containing various cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds.

3. Cannabinoids: Chemical compounds found in cannabis, such as CBD and THC, that interact with the endocannabinoid system in humans and animals.

4. THC (Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol): The psychoactive cannabinoid responsible for the “high” associated with marijuana. Hemp contains low levels of THC.

5. CBD (Cannabidiol): A non-psychoactive cannabinoid known for its potential therapeutic properties, popular in wellness products.

6. Terpenes: Aromatic compounds in cannabis responsible for its distinct aroma and flavor profiles. Terpenes may interact with cannabinoids for various effects.

7. Trichomes: Resinous glands on cannabis flowers that produce cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds.

8. Decarboxylation: Heating cannabis to convert non-psychoactive cannabinoids (like THCA) into their psychoactive forms (like THC).

9. Full Spectrum: Hemp products containing a wide range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds, including trace THC.

10. Broad Spectrum: Hemp products with various cannabinoids and terpenes, usually THC-free or with trace THC.

11. Isolate: Pure CBD or other cannabinoids isolated from hemp and other compounds.

12. Strain: A specific cannabis variety with distinct characteristics, including appearance, aroma, flavor, and cannabinoid profile.

13. Crossbreeding: Mating two different strains to create a new one with desired traits.

14. Indica: Cannabis type known for relaxing effects, shorter stature, and broad leaves.

15. Sativa: Cannabis type associated with energizing effects, taller stature, and narrow leaves.

16. Hybrid: A strain made by crossbreeding indica and sativa plants, often with balanced effects.

17. Pre-Roll: A pre-made joint filled with ground hemp flower, ready for smoking.

18. Cultivar: A cultivated variety of a plant, often synonymous with “strain.”

19. Bud: Flower portion of the cannabis plant, often with the highest cannabinoid and terpene concentrations.

20. Lab Testing: Analysis on hemp products to determine cannabinoid content, potency, and purity.

21. Certificate of Analysis (COA): Document from a third-party lab detailing a hemp product’s cannabinoid and terpene profile.

22. Tincture: Liquid extract made by steeping hemp flower in alcohol or another solvent, taken sublingually.

23. Entourage Effect: Theory that cannabinoids and compounds in cannabis synergistically enhance therapeutic effects.

24. Topicals: Hemp-infused products for topical application, like creams and balms.

25. Feminized Seeds: Specially manipulated seeds to ensure they grow into female cannabis plants, producing cannabinoid-rich flower.

26. Organic Farming: Cultivating hemp using natural methods without synthetic chemicals.

27. Pesticide-Free: Hemp grown without the use of chemical pesticides.

28. Cultivation: Growing and cultivating hemp plants, including methods like indoor, outdoor, and greenhouse.

29. Harvest: Process of collecting mature hemp plants for processing.

30. Drying and Curing: Steps to remove moisture from harvested hemp plants and develop optimal flavor and potency.

31. Trimming: Removing excess leaves and stems from hemp buds to enhance product quality.

32. CO2 Extraction: Method to extract cannabinoids using carbon dioxide as a solvent.

33. Ethanol Extraction: Extracting cannabinoids using ethanol alcohol as a solvent.

34. Supercritical Fluid Extraction: A high-pressure technique using a supercritical fluid, often CO2, to extract cannabinoids.

35. Rosin Press: Device that uses heat and pressure to extract cannabinoids from hemp flower.

36. Infusion: Combining hemp with a carrier oil to create tinctures, oils, and other products.

37. Bioavailability: The extent and rate at which a substance is absorbed into the bloodstream.

38. Dosage: Amount of hemp product consumed, measured in milligrams (mg).

39. Carrier Oil: Oil used to dilute hemp extracts, like coconut oil or hemp seed oil.

40. Vaporizer: Device used to vaporize and inhale hemp flower or extracts.

41. CBD-rich: Hemp strains or products with high CBD content.

42. Low-THC: Hemp strains with minimal THC content.

43. Cannabinoid Profile: The combination and concentration of cannabinoids in a hemp product.

44. Batch: A specific quantity of hemp product processed or harvested together.

45. CBD Isolate: Pure CBD extracted from hemp, often in crystalline form.

46. COA Number: Unique identifier on a Certificate of Analysis for tracking purposes.

47. thical Sourcing: Ensuring hemp products are produced sustainably and responsibly.

48. MCT Oil: Medium-chain triglyceride oil, a common carrier oil for hemp tinctures.

49. Phytocannabinoids: Cannabinoids produced by plants like cannabis.

50. Hemp Biomass: Plant material including leaves, stems, and flowers used for extraction.

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